After sending just two speed skaters and five bobsleigh athletes to its first Olympic Winter Games, the Netherlands had to wait until 1952 to win its first medals - three speed skating silvers. Twelve years later at Innsbruck, figure skater Sjoukje Dijkstra won the first Dutch gold medal, having taken home silver at the 1960 Squaw Valley Games.
Speed skating is a particularly strong winter sport for the Netherlands and Ard Schenk is considered an influential pioneer. After winning silver in the men's 1500m in 1968, he arrived in Sapporo four years later as world record holder in the 1500m, 5000m and 10,000m events.
Schenk won gold in all three, and only weeks later became the first skater in six decades to win all four world allround championship events. Such was his status a flower was named after him in the Netherlands - Crocus chrysanthus Ard Schenk.
At the 1988 Calgary Games, Dutch speed skater Yvonne van Gennip also won gold medals with huge personal bests in the 1500m, 3000m and 5000m events, despite having been hospitalised in the months prior to the Games with an infected right foot.
More recently, speed skater Jochem Uytdehaage won two gold medals and a silver at the Salt Lake Olympic Winter Games. His gold medal-winning effort in the 5000m bettered countryman Gianni Romme's world record and he became the first skater to break 13 minutes in taking out the 10,000m event. He also broke the world record in the 1500m, but so did US skater Derek Parra, and Uytdehaage had to settle for silver.
Speed skater Marianne Timmer's gold medal in the 1000m at the 2006 Turin Games took her overall Olympic tally to three gold medals. She won two gold medals at the 1998 Nagano Games, in the 1000m and 1500m.
The best medal haul for the Netherlands at a single Olympic Winter Games is the 11 medals won at Nagano in 1998. Of the 86 medals won by the Netherlands at the Olympic Winter Games, 82 have come in speed skating.
Snowboarder Nicolien Sauerbreij claimed gold in the women's halfpipe event in Vancouver in 2010, the Netherlands' first gold medal outside of speed skating since 1964.
Title: Het Wilhelmus
Creators: Music by Adriaan Valerius, words by Marnix van St Aldegonde.
Founding date: 1912
IOC recognition date: 1912
NOC president's name: Andre Bolhuis
NOC general secretary’s name: Gerard Dielessen
IOC member’s name: Camiel Eurlings [entry in the IOC: 2013]
Participation in Olympic Games
Year of the first appearance: 1928Medals per sport
Number of appearances: 20 [Sochi included]
Medals per year
-: Medals for the Figure Skating and Ice Hockey events at the 1908 and 1920 Olympic Summer Games have been included in the tables