Anti - doping
Anti - doping
Doping is the use of stimulating substances which affect both the result of sports competition and the physical condition of an athlete. The fight against doping — known as anti-doping — has been an ever-present feature of every major sporting event for some time.
- Photo: an Olympic horse-racing event. Source: the Life archive.
The day a horse was gaught doping.
Interestingly, the first proven instance of the use of doping in modern history was a case involving the successful American horse-rider Frank Starr, who was caught red-handed in 1913: shortly before the horse-racing event, Starr injected his horse with a powerful elixir which increased the animal's stamina, but ended up killing it as well. After an investigation, the American sportsman was given a life ban and stripped of all the titles he had won, and it was decreed that all possible steps should be taken to fight against any attempts at medical interference during the lead-up to equestrian sporting events. Incidentally, equestrian sport is the number one candidate to be dropped from the Olympic program at the moment, precisely because of the difficulty of monitoring the use of doping (after all, the stimulating substances were used to alter the physical condition of the horse, and not the rider), and also because of protests by animal rights campaigners.
- Photo: he death of Knud Jensen. Source: Gettyimages.com
Gaught (daed) in the act of doping!
It may seem hard to believe, but for a long time the athletes themselves were above suspicion: there were no special anti-doping committees, nor was there a list of prohibited preparations. In other words, athletes enjoyed carte blanche in terms of the substances they consumed and the methods they used to prepare for competition. Were it not for the death of the Danish cyclist Knud Jensen at the 1960 Summer Olympics, the general public would never have found out about the destructive impact of doping on the human body. A special investigation revealed that the cyclist had taken a strong stimulant, which had ultimately been the cause of his death.And it was this tragic incident that led to the terms "doping" and "anti-doping" gaining currency among the general public for the first time. As for WADA — the World Anti-Doping Agency — it has only existed since 1999!
- Source: blogsport.com
The whole team makes off while there is still time.
Over the years there have been a huge number of big scandals involving the use of doping at the Winter Games, but by far the biggest occurred in 2006, at the anniversary XX Games in Turin, when the Austrian skiing team was disqualified from all competitions. When the anti-doping commission took a look inside the athletes' rooms, used syringes and various dubious preparations were discovered.The Austrian skiers, rather than hanging around to await the results of the investigation, left Italy and soon quit the sport, despite the fact that ultimately no traces of prohibited substances were discovered in their blood.